The German Development Institute has published a discussion paper from Yulia Yamineva on the IPCC and its governance of scientific assessment. Inspired by the STIG project, it draws lessons for international co-operation in science, technology and innovation.
As a follow up to the OECD STIG project on governance of research and innovation cooperation for global challenges, Dr. Keith Smith of Imperial College has prepared a paper on multinational collaboration.
Photo: Thorsten Schmitt, photos.com
We hope the document can provide input to the important discussion on how the the worlds of policy making, science and industrial innovation can contribute in the face of urgent global challenges. The paper is part of the efforts of the informal Beyond Stig network.
Below find a summary and a link to the full document. Please feel free to add your own comments!
Multilateral collaboration and innovation for the global commons: polycentric governance in a heteropolar world
By Dr. Keith Smith The ‘grand challenges’ posed by climate change, food security, ocean
ecologies, epidemic disaease and urban environments are so large that they will
soon dominate policy thinking globally. Innovation is central to solving these problems,
because they are shaped by incumbent technologies that must be changed.
Lack of framework But
innovation policy initiatives must be multilateral, because the outcomes will be
globally shared, and the resources needed will be great. We lack a framework for thinking about how such
collaboration might be organised.
Innovative solutions would in effect provide global public goods.
However the usual approach to public good provision fails at the world scale because
there is no supranational or hegemonic power that can undertake the roles
played by states at the national level.
The G8 ministers of science argues that the G8 countires should collaborate on science for global challenges.
This is the official summary:
"G8 science ministers met in London on 12 June 2013 with presidents of their respective national science academies, as part of the UK’s G8 Presidency. They discussed how their nations could improve the transparency, coherence and coordination of global scientific research to address global challenges and maximise the social and economic benefits of research.
The statement proposes new areas for collaboration and agreement for the G8 to consider. These include:
global research infrastructure
open scientific research data
increasing access to the peer-reviewed, published results of scientific research"
In this post Bente Lilja Bye presents a comparative study of international
funding mechanisms through 3 or more different research systems. Note that the project is looking for an additional US partner.
By Guest Writer Bente Lilja Bye,
Why – Background
Solving the global challenges requires resources
for science, technology and innovations as well as infrastructure and capacity
building. An important element of this is Earth observations.
Funding of the
necessary Earth observations requires international cooperation. This
particular task is included in the GEOSS work plan as ID-05 Catalyzing
resources for GEOSS implementation.
OECD adressed the same challenge in its
Meeting Global Challenges through Better Governance. The issue of funding was
discussed at a general level, but the (now informal) Working group finds it
necessary to be more concrete in order to be able to do a more detailed
analysis enabling more actionable advise.
An alliance of global programs, ICSU
and IGFA/Belmont Forum and others, includes the issue of cooperation on funding
in their 10-year Future Earth program.
The study is also a combined continuation
of the activities in the GEO Work Plan's ID-05 Catalyzing resources for GEOSS
implementation and WA-01 Integrated Water Information (incl. Floods and
What - Objectives (Goal – subgoal)
The main objective is to identify barriers hindering effective
international funding. In particular address challenges due to the
multidisciplinary character of projects on global challenges. Based on
practical experiences in selected sectors/areas (water) provide advise and
possible avenues leading to more effective cooperation on funding global
“Considering that science diplomacy is still a vague and
nebulous policy term - especially concerning the relevant activities of the German
and French government - we believe, that it might be helpful, if science itself
takes it up as a research project with the goal to make concrete proposals what
governments could or should undertake. My idea - according to our STIG-approach
- is to ask competent scientists in interested countries to work on this in an
open network, supported by OECD-CSTP or by ICSU.”
His proposal addresses two important pressing needs identified by the STIG-project: The need to identify urgent challenges requiring an STI response, and finding ways to make this urgency felt in the
global public arena.
My question to you is this: Do you think this is the
right way of addressing these problems? Do you have other suggestions as
regards future action in this area?
I suggest you add comments and proposals as comments to
this blog post. (Click on "comments" below!).